Gastric Bypass Surgery is one of the most common weight loss surgery procedures performed today.
In normal digestion, food passes through the stomach and enters the small intestine , where most of the nutrients and calories are absorbed. It then passes into the large intestine (colon), and the remaining waste is eventually excreted. In a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, a small pouch is created along the inner curve of the stomach and a segment of the small intestine is attached to the pouch to allow food to bypass a portion of the intestine.
Advantages of Gastric Bypass
- Rapid weight loss
- Maximized weight loss
- Sustained weight loss
Disadvantages of Gastric Bypass
- Dumping Syndrome (stomach contents moving too rapidly through the intestine causing side effects of nausea, weakness and sweating) in approximately 30% of patients
- Increased risk of nutritional deficiencies
- Increased risk of anemia
- Decreased absorption of Iron and Calcium